# IMAGE PROCESSING

" Two roads diverged in a wood, and I,
I took the one less traveled by,
And that has made all the difference "-Robert Frost

### Create Video with Sequence of Images

Have you ever tried to create Movie trailer of your favorite movie or playback of your favorite pictures?  Here let’s create one. Let’s try to create a Movie trailer, a simple one.
Store all the images that are needed to create your video in a folder.
There are two methods to create a video file.  First method is creating video with array of Images and the second method is write one frame at a time to the video file.

#### Method 1:

Read all the images into an array and write to the video file.

#### MATLAB CODE:

%Create Video with Image Sequence
clear all
clc
%Make the Below path as the Current Folder
cd('C:\Documents and Settings\AARON\My Documents\MATLAB\Images');

%Obtain all the JPEG format files in the current folder
Files = dir('*.jpg');

%Find the total number of JPEG files in the Current Folder
NumFiles= size(Files,1);

%Preallocate a 4-D matrix to store the Image Sequence
%Matrix Format : [Height Width 3 Number_Of_Images]
Megamind_Images = uint8(zeros([600 1000 3 NumFiles*5]));

%To write Video File
VideoObj = VideoWriter('Create_Video.avi');
%Number of Frames per Second
VideoObj.FrameRate = 5;
%Define the Video Quality [ 0 to 100 ]
VideoObj.Quality   = 80;

count=1;

for i = 1 : NumFiles

%Read the Images in the Current Folder one by one using For Loop

%The Size of the Images are made same
ResizeImg = imresize(I,[600 1000]);

%Each Image is copied 5 times so that in a second 1 image can be viewed
for j = 1 : 5
Megamind_Images(:,:,:,count)=ResizeImg;
count = count + 1;
end

end

%Open the File 'Create_Video.avi'
open(VideoObj);

%Write the Images into the File 'Create_Video.avi'
writeVideo(VideoObj, Megamind_Images);

%Close the file 'Create_Video.avi'
close(VideoObj);

#### EXPLANATION:

1. %Make the Below path as the Current Folder
cd('C:\Documents and Settings\AARON\My Documents\MATLAB\Images');

The ‘cd’ command is used to make the given path as current folder.
When you execute the above command, you can find the current folder changed to the path specified in the above command.
2. %Obtain all the JPEG format files in the current folder
Files = dir('*.jpg');

>> Files(:).name

ans =

Megamind_01.jpg

ans =

Megamind_02.jpg

ans =

Megamind_03.jpg

ans =

Megamind_04.jpg

ans =

Megamind_05.jpg

ans =

Megamind_06.jpg

ans =

Megamind_07.jpg

3. %To write Video File
VideoObj = VideoWriter('Create_Video.avi');

Mention the Video file name

4. %Number of Frames per Second
VideoObj.FrameRate = 5;

Five frames will be played in 1 second.

5.  ‘NumFiles’ contain number of JPEG images in the current folder.
In our example, the number of JPEG images is 7.
>> NumFiles

NumFiles =

7

7.  Resize the image to a size of your choice. See that you resize all the images to a constant size.
8.  If we use only these 7 images then the video will be played within 1.4 seconds. And you may not be able to view the images in the video. So in order to make all the images viewable for certain time, each frame is replicated 5 times.
9.  The Number of Frames per second is 5. Since each image is replicated for 5 times, one image will be seen per second. Therefore, our video will run for 7 seconds with 7 Images * 5 repetition = 35 Images.

10.Store these 35 images in a matrix.
Images(:,:,:,count)=ResizeImg;
11.Finally, open the video file and write the image matrix and close the file.

#### METHOD 2:

In the previous method, we wrote the entire 35 images stored matrix to the video file at once. Here we are going to read the image, convert to movie frame and write it one by one to the video file.

#### MATLAB CODE:

%Create Video with Image Sequence
clear all
clc

%Make the Below path as the Current Folder
cd('C:\Documents and Settings\AARON\My Documents\MATLAB\Images');

%Obtain all the JPEG format files in the current folder
Files = dir('*.jpg');

%Number of JPEG Files in the current folder
NumFiles= size(Files,1);

%To write Video File
VideoObj = VideoWriter('Create_Video01.avi');
%Number of Frames per Second
VideoObj.FrameRate = 5;
%Define the Video Quality [ 0 to 100 ]
VideoObj.Quality   = 80;

%Open the File 'Create_video01.avi'
open(VideoObj);

for i = 1 : NumFiles

%Read the Image from the current Folder

%Resize Image
ResizeImg = imresize(I,[600 1000]);

%Convert Image to movie Frame
frame = im2frame(ResizeImg);

%Each Frame is written five times.
for j = 1 : 5
%Write a frame
writeVideo(VideoObj, frame);
end

end

%Close the File 'Create_Video01.avi
close(VideoObj);

#### EXPLANATION:

1.  After reading the image from the current folder, convert the image to movie frame using ‘im2frame’ function.
2.  Write the frame to the file and read next image and repeat the process of converting and writing to the file till the last image is processed and written.

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